WCLCA - Home

Books & Catalogs


Contrary to the impressions of new collectors, there is a vast amount of literature on locks and keys. Unfortunately, this is a very specialized field. Works are published for a time for a small audience, and then go out of print. Thereafter, they become increasingly expensive and difficult to obtain. There is presently no mechanism for making them available on the web. Most of them are copyrighted, and cannot be simply reproduced.


The following listing is a starter set, offered as a service to lock and key collectors. It has been compiled from several collections and bibliographies, but is very far from complete. We expect to add to it as more information is obtained. Corrections and additions are welcome. The references "KCI reprint" refer to those produced by Don Stewart, Key Collectors International. Richard Chenovick has assumed the publication and sale of Don Stewarts books. Contact Richard Chenovick to order books. To download a list of books that are available Click Here, the file is in Adobe Acrobat format. To obtain a free copy of Acrobat Reader Click Here.

Lock & Key References for Collectors

Abus, Catalog No. 70
Adlake Railroad Padlocks, Keys, 1911. KCI Reprint, 1993
Adlake Railroad Locks, Padlocks, 1936. KCI Reprint, 1982
Aitken, William Costen, "Guns, Nails, Locks, Woodscrews, Railway Bolts and Spikes, Buttons, Pins, Needles, Saddlery and Electroplate", London, 1876 (See Bevan, G.P.)
American Lock Collectors Association Newsletter (Many volumes)
Allen, Sam, "Locks & Alarms",Tab Books, Inc., PO Box 40, Blue Ridge Summit, Pa. 17214, 1984
Allith-Prouty Catalog No. 65 Allith-Prouty Company, Danville, Illinois, about 1916
Allith-Prouty Catalog No. 90 Allith-Prouty Company, Danville, Illinois,, 1919.
Alth, Max, "All About Locks and Keys", Hawthorn Books, Inc., New York, 1972
Ames Sword Company, Illustrated Catalog of Patent Perfection Padlocks, 1890, Chickopee, Mass, KCI reprint 1979
Amman, J., " Eygentliche Beschreibung Aller Stander Neuauflage", Munchen 1923, Seite 61
Ancele, I.B., "How To Do it for Locksmiths", Los Angles, 1970. 64 pp.
Anon., "Combination Lock Principles", Desert Publications, Cornville, Arizona 86325, (1974)
Anon., "Collectors Guide to Locks & Keys", L?W Promotions, Box 69, Gas City, IN 46933
Anon., "Fitting Keys by Reading Locks", Desert Publications, Cornville, Arizona 86325, 1979
Anon. "Pa Jarnets Fasta Grund, Lasbolaget 100 ar" (100th anniversary of the Lasbolaget Co.) (Swedish, 1946)
Anon. "Padlocks, Rim Locks, Combination Locks, Time Locks, and other Lock Related Items." Section of a sales catalog, 128 items with descriptions & prices. No name or date.
Anon. "The Locks and Fastenings Gallery of the Science Museum", South Kensington, London SW7 2DD. No author listed. Explanation with drawings of different types of locks.
Anon., "How to Fit Keys by Impressioning", Desert Publications, Cornville, Arizona 86325, 1975
Anon., "The Illustrated Art of Lock Picking", Mentor Publications, 135?53 Northern Boulevard,
Flushing, New York, (1976)
Anon., "Lock Picking Simplified". Desert Publications, Cornville, AZ, 86325 (1975)
Anon., "Keys to Understanding Tubular Locks", Desert Publications, Cornville, Arizona 86325 (1974)
Arnall, Franklin M. "The Padlock Collector", 2nd ed., 1973, 3rd ed., 1977, 4th ed., 1982, 5th ed., 1988, 6th ed., 1996
Ausstellung Schloss und Schlussel, Katalog des Kunstgewerbemuseums am Landesmuseum:Joanneum; Graz 1965
Automobile Trade Directory, April 1916. The Automobile Trade Directory, Inc., New York
Baker Hamilton & Pacific Co., San Francisco (ca 1925?)
Baker, Stanley L., "Collecting Old Railroad Locks and Keys", from the Antique Trader, Dubuque, Iowa, April 19, 1978
Barrows Locks & Keys, 1920 Catalog, KCI reprint
Baur-Heinhold, M., "Geschmiedetes Eisen. Vom Mittelalter bis um 1900"; Konigstein i. T. 1963
Beard, Charles R., "The Redfern Collection of Keys", Connoisseur, December 20, 1024, pp 230-236
Beck, L., "Die Geschichte des Eisens in technischer und kulturgeschichtlicher Beziehung"; 4 Bande, Braunschweig 1884-1903
Belknap Hardware & Manufacturing Co., Incorporated, Louisville, Kentucky, 1940
Best Universal Lock Co. Catalog No. 5a, January, 1926, Seattle, Washington, KCI reprint 1980
Bevan, G. P., "British Manufacturing Industries", vol 3, no. 43
Bits & Pieces Puzzle catalog for January 1996. The Sher-Lock is offered on page 43
Barrows Locks and Builders Hardware, catalog 1920, Donald E. Stewart, catalog reprint 1978
Bloss, L., "Alte Schmiedekunst", Dusseldorf I962
Bohannon,Wilson, Inc., Current Catalog of Locks and Latches, Section 1, Padlocks, 758-766 Lexington Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y., KCI reprint 1980
Bohannon,Wilson, Inc., C1920s, Current Catalog of Locks and Latches, 758-766 Lexington Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y., KCI reprint 1984
Bramah, "Illustrated Catalogue of the Genuine Bramah Patent Locks", Bramah & Co., 2 Nottingham Street (Late 100 New Bond Street), London, W.1, KCI reprint 1982
Bramah, Joseph, "A Dissertation on the construction of Locks", 1790
Braun-Feldweg, W., "Metall. Werkformen und Arbeitswesen", Ravensburg 1950
Bridenbaugh, Carl, "The Colonial Craftsman", University of Chicago Press, 1966 paperback edition
Briggs & Stratton Auto Lock & Key Catalog, January 1933, KCI Reprint 1980
Briggs & Stratton 1937 Auto Lock & Key Catalog, KCI reprint 1980
Briggs & Stratton 1940-52 Auto Lock & Key Catalog, KCI reprint 1980
Broach, P.M., "The P.M. Broach Assemblage. Handcuffs, Locks & Keys, Restraints, Instruments of Torture, Books Related to the Subject", Goodwill Press, San Antonio, 1975
Brooks, E.J. Brooks & Co., 1884 Catalog, 16 Cortlandt St., N.Y, N.Y., KCI reprint 1982
Brubake Wholesale Hardware Co., El Reno, OK, early 20th century
Bruining, A., "Die Schmiedekunst seit dem Ende der Renaissance", Leipzig I902
Bruning, A. und Rohde, A, "Die Schmiedekunst bis zum Ausgang des I8. Jahrhunderts", Leipzig 1922
Buehr, Walter, "The Story of Locks", Charles Scribners' Sond, New York, 1953
Builders Hardware, Catalog No. 10, Pacific Hardware Manufacturing Co., 141-45 West Railroad St., Los Angeles, California, 1912, Facsimile Edition, published by B. Wolski and W.W. Ellinger III, November 1998
Builders Supply Co., catalog #8, San Antonio and Corpus Christi, TX
Butler Brothers Chicago, July 1915 Supplement to "Our Drummer", catalog 1325B
Butter, Francis J., "Common Commodities and Industries - Locks and Lockmaking", Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd., London, England
Butter, Francis J., "Locks and Lockmaking", Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, 1926
Butter, Francis J., "An Encyclopaedia of Locks and Builders Hardware", Willenhall England, 1958 (1st edition 1926)
Cake, George F. Cake Corp., General catalog #36, copyright 1969, "Everything for Law Enforcement"
Cameron, Charles, "Illustrated History of the D.K. Miller Lock Co. Padlocks", Donald E. Stewart, ed., 1986
Campos, Gerald S., "Early European Locks & Keys", 19 pages, no date
Catalog, "Illustrated Catalog of Steel & Iron Work - European", Burlington Fine Arts Club, 1900
Catalog, "Antiquities and Works of Art Exhibited at Ironmongers Hall, London, England", 1869
Chapman, Drummond, "Medieval Locks & Keys", Maidstone College of Art, 1956
Champion Hardware Catalog No. 16
Chicago Lock Co., Key Blank Bulletin No. 2, Jan 1962
Chicago Lock Co., Catalog 181, 1981
Chicago Hardware Mfg Co., Catalog No.6, KCI reprint 1982
Chilton Automobile Directory, April 1917, Chilton Company, Philadelphia, PA
Chilton Catalog & Directory, October 1926, Chilton Class Journal Company, Philadelphia
Chilton Catalog & Directory, April 1928, Chilton Class Journal Company, Philadelphia
Chilton Catalog & Directory, January 1929, Chilton Class Journal Company, Philadelphia
Chubb, "The House of Chubb, 1818-1918", Herbert Jenkins Ltd., London 1919
Chubb, George Hayter, "Protection from Fire and Thieves, including Construction of Locks", Spotiswoode & Co, 1875
Chubb, Harry Withers, "Locks and Safes, Journal of Society of Arts, 1893
Chubb, "Encyclopedia of Locks and Builders Hardware", 1958. Extract: "The History of Locks", http://www.chubblocks.co.uk/history.htm (09-06-2000)
Climax, J.H.W. Climax Co. catalog for Aug. 1912, KCI reprint 1978
Climax, J.H.W. Climax Co. catalog for Aug. 1912, Vaverchak reprint
Clinton Lock Co., Catalog #31, KCI reprint 1982
Clinton Lock Co., Catalog #38, KCI reprint
Clum Manufacturing Co. Service Catalog, Feb 1,1928, KCI reprint 1979
Collins, Lynn, "The Yale Standard Padlock", Lynn Collins, 1 page article with a 2nd page of illustrations
Contet, F., "Documents de Ferronnerie Ancienne du XII au XVIII Siecle; I922
Corbin, Louise Everton, "Key Collecting as a Fad, Confessions of an American Collector Who Has Ravaged Many Lands in Quest of Treasured Souvenirs", Munsey's Magazine, February 24, 1901, pp 591-597

Commissioners of Patents, "Abridgements of Specifications Relating to Safes,
Strong Rooms, Tills, and Similar Depositories AD 1801-1866", Printed by
Order of the Commissioners of Patents. Printed by George E. Eyre and William
Spottiswoode, Printers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. Published at
the Office of the Commissioners of Patents for Inventions, 25, Southampton
Buildings, Holborn, 1873
Corbin Cabinet Lock Co., 1906 Catalog of Locks & Keys, KCI reprint 1979
Corbin Cabinet Lock Co., 1906 Catalog of Locks & Keys, KCI reprint 1979
Corbin Cabinet Lock Co., 1912 Cat
Corbin Cabinet Lock Co.,Illustrated Catalog of Padlocks, 1920, KCI reprint 1982
Corbin Cabinet Lock Co., Catalog No. 38, 1928, KCI reprint 1982
Corbin Cabinet Lock Co. "Colonial and Early English Hardware", 1931
Corbin Cabinet Lock Co., 1934 Catalog, KCI reprint 1978
Corbin Cabinet Lock Co., Catalog No. 104, 1938, Keys and Key Blanks, KCI reprint 1978
Corbin Cabinet Lock Co., Catalog No. 102. KCI reprint 1982
Corbin catalog K-204A
Courtney, Charles, and Tom Johnson, "Unlocking Adventure", Whittlesey House, New York, 1942
Courtney, Charles, "Unlocking Adventure", Robert Hale Ltd. 1951
Creutz, M. und Luer, H., "Geschichte der Metallkunst"; Band I, Stuttgart 1904
Crichton, Practical Course in Modern Locksmithing, Whitcomb Crichton, Nelson?Hall Co., Chicago, 1975
Currer-Briggs, Noel, ed, "Contemporary Observations on Security from Chubb Collectanea, 1818-1968", Chubb and Son's Lock and Safe Co., Ltd, London 1968
Curtil-Boyer, Ch., "L'histoire de la Clef de l'Epoque Romaine au XVIII Siecle; Paris o.J.
Curtis Key Blanks, 1976
Curtis Industries, Catalog 70, undated
Curtis, "Instruction Book for Car Keys, 1983", date approximate
Dale, Donald, "Further Facts About Locks", Apollo, November 31, 1940, pp 121-123, 132
D'Allemagne, H. R., und Paulme, H., "Le Musee de Ferronnerie Le Secq des Tournelles a Rouen"; Paris 1928
D'Allemagne, Henry Rene, "Decorative Antique Ironwork", Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1968
Declercq, R., J. Lem & D. Vanloocke, "Open of Dicht, Geschiedenis van Sleutel en Slott", Dottenijs, 1998, in Dutch.
Deitz, A.E.,Brooklyn N.Y. (Successor to Barnes & Deitz), Catalog of 1881, KCI reprint 1979
Deitz,A.E., Illustrated Catalog of Locks and Latches, 1892, (Established 1867) 73 and 75 Clymer St, Brooklyn N.Y., KCI reprint 1979
Denison, Edmund Beckett, "A Treatise on Clocks and Locks", Longman, 1857
Diels, H., "Antike Technik"; Leipzig 1924, Seite 40-56
Dittrick, "Decorative Hardware", Hearst Books, New York, 1982
Du Monceau, Duhamel, "Art du Serrurier", Paris, 1767
Dunham Carrigan & Hayden Co., San Francisco, General Catalog No.73 (1925)
Eagle Lock Co. 1883 Catalog,Terryville, Ct., KCI reprint 1980
Eagle Lock Co. 1907 Catalog of Keys & Blanks, KCI reprint 1979
Eagle Lock Co. 1914 Catalog, KCI reprint 1980
Eagle Lock Co. 1924 Catalog #42, 1924, KCI reprint 1980
Eagle Lock Co. Catalog #47, 1930, KCI reprint 1980
Eagle Lock Co. 1938 Catalog, KCI reprint 1980
EAIE Directory of American Tool Makers, Colonial Times to 1899, Draft Edition, Published by the Early American Industries Association, 1990
Earle Hardware Mfg. Co., 2369 East Fifty-First Street, Los Angeles, Calif., Catalog A-3, 1925, reproduction by Bud Wolski, Feb. 1982
Earle Hardware Mfg. Co., Builders Hardware Catalog No. 6, KCI reprint, 1980
---Eastwood, Maud, "150 Years of Builders' Hardware: Forms, Use & Lore" The Antique Doorknob Publishing Co., P.O. Box 2609, Woodinville, WA, 1993
Ebert, M., "Reallexikon der Vorgeschichte", Berlin o. J. (Artikel Schloss und Schlussel)
Eddie The wire, "The Complete Guide to Lockpicking", (1981), Loompanics, Unlimited, PO Box 1197, Port Townsend, WA 98368
Eddie The Wire, How to Make Your Own Professional Lock Tools, Vol. 1, 1980 , Vol. 2, 1981,
Vol. 3, 1981, Loompanics, Unlimited, P.O. Box 1197, Port Townsend, WA 98368
Edings, C.A., "Collecting Locks and Keys", Connoisseur, 105, September 1940, pp 106-110
Eliel, Lambert, "Trailer Owner's Manual", Trail-R-Club of America, 1969
Egger, Gehart, "Beschlage und Schlosser an alten Mobeln", Munich, 1973
Encyclopedia of Collectibles, Time-Life Books, 1979, Vol. Lalique-Collectibles
England Keys., C. 1950s Catalog, KCI reprint 1982
Eras, Vincent J.M., "Locks and Keys Throughout the Ages", H.H. Fronczek, Amsterdam, 1957
Evans, Jim, ed., "100 Years Plus of Keymaking. The History of Arthur Hough & Sons Ltd.", 1998, 96 pp, col & b&w illus
Excelsior, Illustrated Catalog No. 3, Padlocks Manufactured by Excelsior Lock Company, Lancaster, Pa., KCI reprint 1984
Fehervari, Geza, "Islamic Metalwork", London, 1976
Feldhaus, F. M., "Die Technik der Vorzeit, der Geschichtlichen Zeit und der Naturvolker", Leipzig und Berlin 1914, Seite 966 ff.
Fischer Collection of Ironworks, catalog of auction sale by Sotheby's, Amsterdam, Dec. 15, 1998, 114 pp., 533 lots (padlocks, lots 131-170)
Folger Adam 1955 Folger Adam, Prison Equipment, 1955 Catalog, KCI reprint, 1984
Fletcher, Abel, Abel Fletcher & Sons, Ltd.Willenhall - England, Padlocks Catalog, 1957
Foley-Belsaw Locksmith Supply Catalog, 1984
Fontaine & Cie, c.1900s catalog, KCI reprint 1982
Fontaine & Cie, 1932 catalog, KCI reprint 1982
Fornwalt, Russell J., "Relic Roundup" article in the Antique Trader, July 12, 1978, with a one-page history of locks and keys
Fraim, E.T., Keystone Lock Works, Lancaster,Penna., 1897, KCI reprint 1992
Fraim, E.T., Padlocks 1899, KCI reprint 1980
Fraim, E.T., Padlocks, Night Latches, Catalog No.30, KCI reprint 1982
Fraim, E.T., Padlocks, 1918 Catalog No. 26, KCI reprint 1979
Fraim, E.T., Fraim Padlocks, c. 1950s Catalog, KCI reprint 1982
Fraim-Slaymaker Hardware Co., Catalog #100, c. 1920s, KCI reprint 1982
Fraim-Slaymaker Hardware Co., Catalog #103, 1928, KCI reprint 1982
Frank, E., "Petite Ferronnerie Ancienne", Paris 1948
Frank, Edgar B., "Old French Ironwork", Howard University Press, 1950
Fredgant, Don, American Trade Catalogs, Collector Books, P.O. Box 3009, Paduca KY, 42001
Friedmann, B., "Die Arbeiten des Schlossers", Weimar 1876
Friedman, Don, Don Friedman Collection, Auction Catalog, Nov. 12, 1994
Gerber, M., Catalog No. 95, 1925

Gibbons, Gail, "Locks & Keys", 1980
Graham Mfg. Co. Keys, Catalog #20, KCI reprint, 1979
Graham Mfg. Co. Keys and Blanks, Catalog #37, KCI reprint 1979
Graham Mfg. Co. Keys and Blanks, Catalog #44, KCI reprint 1979
Hallelmann, "Kunst Schmiede Eisen Sammlung", 1899
Hardware Age, July 24, 1941, Published by Chilton Co
Hardware Age, July 28, 1960, "Who Makes It?", Merchandise Directory Number, Published by Chilton Co.
Hardware Age, Builders Hardware Handbook, 1956, Published by the Chilton Co.

Hardware Age, April 26, 1934.
Hayman-Weill Co., "The Blue Book of Household Hardware", 720?24 Mission St., San Francisco, 1925?30 ?
Hefner-Alteneck, "Eisenwerk oder Ornamentik der Schmiedekunst des Mittelalters und der Renaissance", Frankfurt 1870
Heinsius, E., "Die altesten Schlossmacher Europas - die Pfahlbaubewohner, in: Vorzeit am Bodensee", Heft 1/2, 1954
Hennessy, Thomas F., "Early Locks and Lockmakers of America, Revised 2nd edition, Nickerson & Collins Publishing Co., Locksmith Ledger Division, 2720 DesPlaines Avenue, DesPlaines, Illinois, 60118, 1976

Hennessy, Thomas, "Early Locks and Lockmakers of America". Revised 3rd ed.
. Locksmith Publishing Corp, 859 Busse Highway, Park Ridge IL, 60068 1997:
158 pp
Hennessy, Thomas F., "Locks and Keys, Ingenuity to Thwart Thieves", in Encyclopedia of Collectibles, 1979, vol. Lalique to Marbles, page 59
Hobbs, A.C. "The Construction of Locks and Safes", 1868, Facsimile edition, Albert Saifer
Box 239 W.O.B., West Orange, N.J. 07052
Hoever, Otto, "An Encyclopaedia of Ironwork: Examples of Hand Wrought Ironwork from the Middle Ages to the End of the 18th Century", Berlin, undated
Hoever, O., "Das Eisenwerk. Die Kunstformen des Schmiedeeisens bis zum Ausgang des 18. Jahrhunderts", Tubingen 1953
Hoffman Hardware Co., 1942 Catalog, 229-235 South Los Angeles St., Los Angeles CA, Trinity 4531
Hogg, Garry, "Safe Bind, Safe Find, the Story of Locks, Bolts and Bars", Criterion Books, Inc., 6 West 57th Street, New York, N.Y. 10019
Holiner, "Collectible Locks, an Identification and Value Guide", Collector Books, P.O. Box 3009, Paducah, KY, 42001 1979
Hopkins, Albert A., "The Lure of the Lock", (The John M. Mossman Collection), Albert A. Hopkins, The General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen, New York, 1928
Hopkins, Huntington Hopkins Co. Illustrated Catalog and Price List etc. San Francisco, c. 1890. xvi, 930 pp.
HPC Catalog 76, 1962 (Hoffman-Packard-Carter)
HPC Catalog 705, 1980
HPC Locker Key Codes, Yale & National, undated
Houdini, Harry, "Handcuff Secrets", George Routledge and Sons, Ltd, London England, 1910
Houg, Hans, "La Ferronnerie Strasbourgeoise Au Dix - Septienne et Au Dix - Huitieme Siecle", par Hans Houg, Conservateur des Musees de laVille de Strausbourg, 1933
Humes, Charles & Co., Locks & Padlocks, 1883 catalog, KCI reprint 1991
Hurd Auto Locks & Keys, 1947 Catalog, KCI reprint 1982
Huges, George Bernard, "English Domestic Locks", Connoisseur Year Book 1957, pp 100-108
Independent Lock Co., Catalog No. 6, circa 1920, Leominster, Mass., KCI reprint 1980
Independent Lock Co., Catalog No. 7, with Jan 1, 1926 Supplement, Leominster, Mass, KCI reprint 1980
Independent Lock Co., Catalog No. 7, Leominster, Mass (Original)
Independent Lock Co., 1941 catalog of padlocks/locks/keys, KCI reprint
Independent Lock Co., Catalog #8, Fitchburg, Mass, KCI reprint 1980
Independent Lock Co., Catalog #9, Fitchburg, Mass, KCI reprint 1980
Independent Lock Co, Catalog #11, Fitchburg, Mass, KCI reprint 1980
Independent Lock Co., Catalog #12, Fitchburg, Mass, KCI reprint 1978
Independent Lock Co., Catalog No. 80, 1982, Security Hardware & Locksmith Supplies
Independent Lock Co., Catalog No. 21, 1972
Ingram, Jane H. And James R. Mundy, "Collector's Guide to Postal Lock Boxes", (Loose leaf in binder), 1988
Jacobsen, Illustrated Catalog of Police Supplies, 1887, 1974 reproduction of Catalog of S.A. French
James, J.D., "Locks & Lockpicking", Hermosa Beach, CA, c. 1987. 24 pp.
Jousse, Mathurin, "La Fidele Ourverture de l'Art du Serrurier", Paris, 1627
Jousse, Mathurin. "Reproductions of Ilustrations of Ornamental Metal-Work, forming L'Art du Serrurier", London, 1889, 27 pl.
Kauffman, Henry J., Early American Ironware, Cast and Wrought, Weathervane Books, New York, 1989 (Also Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland, 1966)
Kauffman, Henry J., "Metalworking Trades in Early America", Astragal Press, 1995
Keil Keys and Blanks, 1910 Catalog, KCI reprint, 1979
Keil Keys and Blanks, 1928 Catalog, KCI reprint, 1979
Keil Catalog No. 40, Francis Keil & Son, Inc., 401?425 East 163rd Street, New York, KCI reprint 1978
Keil Catalog No. 44 (1940 or later)
Keil Catalog No. 54, 1954, KCI reprint, 1978
Keil Catalog No. 64, 1964, KCI reprint, 1978
Kenco Locksmith Supply, Catalog No. 280 (1978)
Key Collectors International, KCI Journal, vols. 1-5, Donald E. Stewart
Key Collectors Key Type Identification Guide, Don Stewart, 1988
Key Hardware Co., Catalog No. 82
Keynotes, Feb 1985
Klemm, Scott J., "A Treasury of Padlocks"
Kraske, Robert, "Silent Sentinels", NY, 1969. 127 pp.
Krauth-Meyer, "Das Schlosserbuch", Leipzig o.J.
Kresge's Katalog of 5c and 10c Merchandise, 1913, S.S. Kresge Co., Detroit Michigan, Reprint 1975 by Random House, New York
Kuhn, F., "Geschmiedetes Eisen", Berlin 1941
Leisching, E., "Uber Schlussel und Schlusselschilde. Kunst und Kunsthandwerk", V.Jg., Wien 1902, Seite 20 ff.
LeSecq Des Tournelles, "Museum Plates, Locks, keys & chests", KCI reprint 1989

Lise, Giorgio, "Chiavi E Serrature (Locks and Keys)", BE-MA Editrice,
Milano, 1987
Lockwood Hardware Mfg. Co., Catalog #20, 1932, Fitchburg, Mass, KCI reprint 1982
Lockwood 1949 Catalog of Locks & Keys, KCI reprint 1979
Locksmith Ledger, "Electro-mechanical Locks", Des Plaines, IL, 1971 . 64 pp.
Locksmith Ledger, "Know-how for Locksmiths", Des Plaines, IL,1970. 64 pp.
Locksmith Ledger, "Locksmith Ledger International Security Register Issue", Park Ridge, IL, 1994.
Locksmith Ledger, "Self-study Builders' Hardware Course For Locksmiths", Des Plaines, IL, 1970. 120 pp.
Locksmith Ledger, "Techniques of Locksmithing", Des Plaines, IL, 1970, 64 pp.
Locksmith Ledger, "Padlock Handbook", 112 pages. 1970
Locksmith Ledger, "Modern Methods for Modern Locksmiths", 1955
Locksmith Ledger, "Gimmicks for Locksmiths", Published by the Locksmith Ledger, 1961, 505 Marlboro Rd., Wood?Ridge N.J.
Locksmith Ledger, "Codes and Where to Find Them", Section 1 of 2, vol 38, no. 5, April 1978
Locksmith Ledger, "Reed Padlock Code Book Index" (for volumes 1-4), Section 2 of 2, vol 41, no. 5, April 1981
Locksmith Ledger, Index and Directory, 1959-60
Locksmith Ledger
Vol No. Month Year
43 7 Jun 1983
43 10 Sep 1983
44 1 Jan 1984
44 6 May 1984
44 8 Jul 1984
Locksmithing Institute: Lesson 30, Changing Safe Combinations (undated)
Lock Technology Co. (see S&G keys)
Lugmayer, F. X. M., "Eisen- und Stahlschnitt", Linz 1959
MacCulloch, J.A., "Locks and keys" in Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, ed. James Hastings, John A. Selbie, Louis H. Gray; Vol 3, pp120-125, New York, 1916
Mallory-Wheeler Co., 1891 catalog, KCI reprint 1991
Mallory-Wheeler 1901 Catalog of Padlocks, KCI reprint 1979
Mandel, Gabrielle, "La Chiave: Storia e Simbologia di Chiavi, Lucchetti e Serrature"

Marcosson, Isaac F., "Wherever Men Trade, (The Romance of the Cash
Register)", Dodd, Mead & Co., New York, 1948
Master Lock Co., Price list DPL-79, Nov.15, 1979
Master Locksmith, The Master Locksmith Corp., 530 W. 125th St., New York
April 1931 Nov/Dec 1931
May 1931 Mar/Apr 1932
June 1931 May/Jun 1932
Sept 1931
McLean, S.A., "The Manual of Locksmithing", Denver Colorado, 1941
Metzger, M., "Die Kunstschlosserei", Lubeck 1927
Meyer, F. S. (Hrsg.), "Handbuch der Schmiedekunst", z. Aufl., Leipzig o. J.
Millard, Anne, "Welcome to Ancient Rome", Usborne Publishing Ltd., 1981
Miller, "Evolution of the Lock, 1820-1904", J.B. Miller Keyless Lock Co., Kent, OH, 1904
Miller, J. Walter Co. Catalog of Padlocks, Night Latches & Hardware Specialties (c. 1920s)
KCI reprint
Miller Lock Co. Locks, Catalog No. 7, 1885, KCI reprint 1980,
Miller Lock Co. Padlocks. Catalog No. 14, 1900, KCI reprint 1980
Miller Padlocks for the Automobile Trade, Catalog No. 30, 1924, KCI reprint
Miller Lock Co. Catalog # 25, KCI reprint 1982
Miller Lock Co. Locks., Catalog No. 27, 1927, KCI reprint 1980,
Miller Lock Co. Padlocks. Catalog No. 29, 1929, KCI reprint 1980,
Miller, D.K., see also Cameron, Charles
Monk, Eric, "Keys, Their History and Collection", Shire Publications, Ltd., 1974, Aylsbury, England, 2nd ed., 1999
Morgan, A & E, "Catalogue of Padlocks", A & E Morgan Lock Manufacturers, 8 & 9 Clothier Street, Willenhall, Staffs, KCI reprint 1984
Morris, Ernest, "The Lure of Locks and Keys", Apollo, Jan 31, 1940, pp 6-10

Monk, Eric "Keys, Their History and Collection", Second edition, 1999
Moxon, Joseph, "Mechanick Exercises, or the Doctrine of Handy-Works, applied to the Art of Smithing", 1703 (reprint)
Mummenhoff; E., "Der Handwerker in der Deutschen Vergangenheit", Leipzig 1901, Seite 75f.
Mundy, James R., "U.S. Post Office Lock Box Doors", (2 vols) (see Ingram, Jane H.)
Mundy, James R., "A Primer for the Postal Lock Collector", Revised Edition, Second Printing, 1993
National Locksmith: April, May 1982, April 1984
National Locksmith's Handbook, National Locksmiths Association, Denver, Colorado, 1936
Neuburger, A., "Die Technik des Altertums", Leipzig 1924, Seite 338-342

Neuburger, A., "The Technical Arts and Sciences of the Ancients", translation from Die Technik des

Neumann & Kravic, p.180, in Collector's Illustrated Encyclopedia of the
American Revolution,

Altertums, by Henry L. Brose, New York, 1930
Niessen 1935 Niessen Brothers, Catalog #10, 1935, Key Blanks, KCI reprint, 1978
Niessen Brothers, Catalog #11, Key Blanks, KCI reprint, 1979
Nock, George W., Penn Lock Works, April 1890. Illustrated Catalog of Patented Keys, & etc, Manufactured by George W. Nock, 146 N. Fourth Street, Philadelphia, Pa., Factory 407 Cherry Street, KCI reprint 1984
Norman, Dick, "Know Your Handcuffs" by Dick Norman, (Series of 14 articles from the Locksmith Ledger, Jan 1957 thru Jan 1958)
Norman, Dick, "Modern Handcuff Secrets for Magicians"
Norwalk Lock Co., 1885 catalog of locks & keys, KCI reprint, 1980
Norwalk-Segal Norwalk Lock Co., 1936 catalog, KCI reprint 1980
Norwich Lock Mfg. Co., Padlocks Catalog, April 1883, KCI reprint 1991
Notling, E., "Studie uber Altromische Thur- und Kastenschlosser", Mannheim o. J.
Pacific Tool and Supply Company Catalog #53, 1953, Oakland 7 California
Padlock Reference, by Don Stewart, 1996. 4 volumes
Pankofer, Heinrich, "Schlussel und Schloss", Verlag Georg D.W. Callwey, Munchen, 1973
Parker & Whipple Co. 1876 catalog, KCI reprint 1982
Penn Hardware Co. 1925 catalog, KCI reprint 1982
Penn-Akron Hardware Corp., 1955 catalog, KCI reprint 1979
Parkes, Josiah & Son, "Antique Locks from the Collection of Josiah Parkes & Sons, Ltd".
Union Works, Willenhall, Staffs, England
Parkes, Josiah & Sons, Ltd. "Locks and Builders Hardware; Glossary, Design, Manufacture, and History", Union Works, Willenhall, England, 1950
Parkes, Josiah & Sons,Ltd., "An Encyclopedia of Locks and Builders Hardware", Union Works, Willenhall, Staffs,. England 1968
Parkes, Josiah & Sons, Ltd, "Union Locks, Padlocks, Catalog No.60, May 1948", KCI reprint, 1987
Patents for Inventions, Class 44 Fastenings, Locks, Latch, Bolt and Other, 1909-15, 1916-20, 1926-30, British Patent Office, London, England
Penny, W.E.W., "The Mediaeval Keys in Salisbury Museum", Connoisseur, January 29, 1011, pp 11-16
Phleps, H., "Schmiedeeisenkunst", Leipzig 1949
Pinson, W.M. & Son, Ltd., Brass & Iron Padlocks, Holdfast Words, Cemetary Road, Willenhall, Staffs, KCI reprint 1984
Pitt-Rivers, Lieut. General "Primitive Locks & Keys", 1883, KCI reprint 1980
Pitt-Rivers, Lieut. General, F.R.S., (A.H.L. Fox-Pitt-Rivers), "Primitive Locks & Keys", Chatto and Windus, Picadilly, 1883
Plant Purchasing Directory, vol. 7, no. 1, Spring 1947, Conover-Mast
Pratt & Co's Catalog of Locks, Padlocks and Real Bronze Builders Hardware, 1885, Buffalo, N.Y. , KCI reprint 1979
Price, George, "Treatise on Fire & Thief-Proof Depositories and Locks & Keys", Simpkin, Marshall & Co., 1856
Pritchett, R.T., "Oriental Puzzle Locks," in Magazine of Art., pp 643-646, London, 1898
Prochnow, D., "Schonheit von Schloss, Schlussel, Beschlag", Ratingen 1966
Professional Locksmithing, Nov 1984
Railroad Locks Railroad Switch Keys & Padlocks, Don Stewart, October, 1987
Railway Pass & Guide Published by the American Railroadiana Historical Society
P.O. Box 553, Pekin, Illinois. vol. 2, no.1, 1988
Reading Hardware Catalog, 1910, KCI reprint, 1982
Reed Padlock Code Book Supplement, 1946
Reese Padlock Co. 1926 catalog, KCI reprint 1991
Roberts, Jack, "The National Locksmith Guide to Antique Padlocks", The National Locksmith Publishing Co., 1990
Robinson, Robert L. "Complete Course in Professional Locksmithing", Nelson?Hall Co., Chicago, Ill. 1973
The Rochester Keyless Automobile Lock (Brochure from the Rochester Safety Lock Co., Rochester, Indiana
Romaine, Lawrence B. "A Guide to American Trade Catalogs, 1744-1900", Dover Publications Reprint, 1990
Romer & Co. (8 pages from a catalog, undated)
Roper, C.A., "The Complete Handbook of Locks and Locksmithing", Tab Books, Inc.
Blue Ridge Summit, Pa. 17214, 1980
Roses, Terry L. "Story Locks", 1976, Lee Jacobs Productions, PO Box 362, Pomeroy, Ohio 45769
Ross, Joseph, Ross Lock Collection, 749 Day Ave., Ridgefield, N.J. 07657
Rouss Monthly Catalog, February, 1914, Charles Broadway Rouss, 549-555 Broadway, New York
Routson, H. W. "Locksmithing and General Shop Information", Oakland, CA, Reprint 1972
Russell and Erwin Manufacturing Company, Illustrated Catalogue of American Hardware of the Manufactory, New Britain, Conn., 1865, APT reprint, 1980
Russell & Erwin Manufacturing Co., Descriptive Catalogue of Brass Keys, Malleable Iron Keys, Locks, with Patent Steel Keys. volume 4, 1877, KCI reprint 1980
Russell & Erwin Manufacturing Co's Illustrated Catalogue of Padlocks, KCI reprint, 1979
Russell & Erwin Manufacturing Co's Illustrated Catalog of Locks, 1885, KCI reprint, 1980
Russell & Erwin Mfg. Co., Descriptive List of Padlocks, 1886, KCI reprint, 1979
Russell & Erwin Mfg. Co., Catalog of Hardware, volume 10, 1909, KCI reprint, 1980
Russell & Erwin Mfg. Co., Catalog of Hardware, Volume 14, KCI Reprint 1982,
Safe Padlock & Hardware Co., c. 1920 Catalog, KCI Reprint 1979
Safe Padlock & Hardware Co., 1930 Catalog #18, KCI Reprint 1978
Sager Lock Works, Builders Hardware Catalog, 1931, KCI Reprint 1978
Sager Lock Works, Builders Hardware Catalog, 1937, KCI Reprint 1978
Sargent, E.H. and Co., " Hardware for Utility and Ornamentation", New Haven, CT, 1927
Sargent & Co., 1894 catalog, KCI reprint 1991
Sargent & Co., 1902 catalog, KCI reprint 1979
Sargent & Co., 1910 catalog, KCI reprint 1980
Sargent & Co., 1922 catalog, KCI reprint 1978
Sargent & Company, Padlocks, Revised to 1936, KCI reprint 1982
Sargent Maximum Security System, insert section of catalog
Sargent & Greenleaf Co., Prison Locks, 1900 Catalog, KCI reprint
Sargent & Greenleaf Co., Key Locks and Door Bolts, Catalog no. 11, 1904, KCI reprint, 1980
Sargent & Greenleaf Co., Prison Locks, Catalog no. 31, 1931, KCI reprint, 1979
Sargent & Greenleaf Co., Prison Locks, Catalog no. P52, 1952, KCI reprint, 1979
Sargent & Greenleaf Inc., Key Blanks, Catalog, undated, original, Distributed by Lock Hardware & Supply Co.

Schiffer, Herbert, "Early
Pennsylvania Hardware", Whitford Press, Whitford, PA, 1966
Schlage Catalog S?80, Schlage Lock Co., 2401 Bayshore Blvd., San Francisco, Ca
Schlage Express Line, Catalog & Price List 43-XL, April 1982
Schlegel, F. W, "Kulturgeschichte der Turschlosser", Duisburg 1963

Schmoeckel, Ingo, "Vorhangeschlosser, Sammlung Ingo Schmoeckel"
Schramm, J., "Uber das Kunstschmiedehandwerk", Berlin 1943
Schussel-Hilfe - Germany, Catalog of Keys and Blanks, undated, KCI Reprint, 1980
Sears 1894 Sears Catalog for 1894, reprint 1976
Sears 1897 Sears, Roebuck and Co. Catalog for 1897, Reprint 1968, Fred L. Israel
Sears 1900 Sears, Roebuck and Co., Fall, 1900, Reprint 1970, DBI Books, Inc., Northfield, Ill.
Sears 1902 Sears, Roebuck Catalog, reprint 1969, Bounty Books, New York
Sears 1906 Sears, Roebuck Catalog, reprint, undated, Castle Books, Secaucus, N.J.
Sears 1908 Sears, Roebuck & Co. 1908 Catalog No. 117, edited by Joseph J. Schoeder, Jr.,
Digest Books, Northfield, Illinois, 1971
Sears 1909 Sears, Roebuck & Co., Inc., reprint 1979, Ventura Books, New York
Sears 1923 1923 Sears, Roebuck Catalogue, reprint, Edited by Joseph J. Schroeder, Jr., DBI Books, Inc., Northfield, Ill.
Sears 1927 Sears, Roebuck & Co. Catalog for 1927, Alan Mirken, ed., Crown Publishers, Inc. 1970
Seattle Hardware Co, Catalogue No. 4, 1906
Segal Locks and Hardware Products, 1924 catalog, KCI reprint
Segal Lock Co., 1925 catalog, KCI reprint 1980
Segal Lock Co., 1931 Catalog , KCI reprint
Sellens, Alvin, Padlocks, Keen Kutter and Simmons, Privately printed, 1995.
Serrurerie: La Serrurerie Ancienne du Chateau de Boumois; Saumur-imprimerie Girourd et Richou 4, Place du Marche - no. 4, 1922
Shapleigh, A.F., Shapleigh & Cantwell Hardware Co., St. Louis, Mo., 1883 Catalog
KCI reprint 1991
Shapleigh, A.F. A.F. Shapleigh Hardware Company Builders Hardware Catalogue 1895
Northwest Corner Washington Avenue and Fath St., St. Louis
Silver, D., catalog No. 574 (1973)
Silver, D., catalog No. 576 (1976)
Simplex Lock Division
Singer, Leonard, "ABC's of Locksmithing and Keymaking", Des Plaines, IL, 1970. 34 pp
Slaight, Thomas, Thomas Slaight Lock and Manufacturing Co. 1903 Catalog, KCI reprint, 1982
Slaymaker, Barry & Co., Padlocks, 1894 Catalog, KCI reprint 1984
Slaymaker Lock Mfg. Corp., Catalog of Padlocks, RR Locks, 1913, KCI reprint 1982
Slaymaker Lock Mfg. Corp., Catalog of Padlocks, 1916, KCI reprint 1982
Slaymaker Lock Co., Padlocks, etc., Catalog #99, 1920, KCI reprint 1980
Sloane, Eugene, "The Complete Book of Locks, Keys, Burglar Alarms. N.Y., 1977. 372pp
Sloane, Eugene A., "The Complete Book of Locks, Keys, Burglar & Smoke Alarms & Other Security Devices", Morrow, 1977
Slocum, Jerry, " Puzzles Old and New, How to Make and Solve Them", Jerry Slocum and Jack Botermans, Second paperback edition, 1990
Slocum, Jerry, "The Book of Ingenious and Diabolical Puzzles", Jerry Slocum and Jack Botermans, First edition, hardcover, 1994
Smyth, Stanley H. The Stanley H. Smyth Collection, Padlocks, Handcuffs, Restraints, Locks & Keys, KCI publication, 1981
Sourdel-Thomine, Janine, "Clefs et serrures de la Ka'ba", Paris, 1971
Star Lock Works (1900), Louis V. Wolf, Successors to Hillebrand & Wolf, No. 110 South Eighth Street, Philadelphia, Penna., KCI reprint 1982
Stearns, E.C., & Co. Catalog of Hardware, 1924, reproduced by Early American Industries Books, 13231 Cypress - N. Houston Rd., Cypress, TX 77429
Steed, F.A. "Locksmithing", Tab Books, Inc., Blue Ridge Summit, Pa 17214
Stewart, F.W., "1934 Catalog of Key Blanks", KCI Reprint 1978
Stewart, Donald E. "Antique Classic Marque Keys", 2nd ed.
Stewart, Donald E. "Standard Guide to Key Collecting", 2nd ed., 1980
Stewart, Donald E., "Collector Guide, Antique Classic Marque Keys, United States 1915-1970" (1982) 2nd edition, 1993
Stewart, Donald E., "Collector Guide, Ship Locks & Keys", first edition, 1983
Stewart, Donald E., "Paracentric Guide to Key Collecting", 1st ed., 1984, 2nd ed., 1993
Stewart, Donald E., "United States Patent Keys", 1985
Stewart, Donald E., "United States Patent Padlocks", KCI, 1985
Stewart, Donald E., "Keys to the City", 1986
Stewart, Donald E., "Scandinavian Jail Padlocks", 1986
Stewart, Donald E., ed., "Smokehouse Padlocks", 1st ed., 1986, 2nd ed. 1993 "Treasure Chest (Smokehouse) Wrought Iron Padlocks"
Stewart, Donald E., "Poorman's Story & Ornamental Design Padlocks", 1st edition, 1986
2nd edition, 1989, 3rd edition Nov., 1992
Stewart, Donald E., "Collectors Guide, Round 6-lever Push Key Padlocks", 1986
2nd edition, 1990, 3rd edition, 1992
Stewart, Donald E., "Key Type Identifiction Guide", 1988
Stewart, Donald E., "Antique Key Blank Comparative Charts", Second edition, 1989
Stewart, Donald E., "Brand Name, Trade Names, Trade Names and Manufacturers of Locks & Keys", 1st edition, 1990
Stewart, Donald E., "Round 6 Lever Push Key Padlocks", 2nd edition 1990, 3rd edition 1992
Stewart, Donald E., "Locks, Keys, Safes & Related Articles Gleaned from the Mechanics Magazine, 1823-1851", Trevor Dowson and Don Stewart, 1992
Stewart, Donald E., "Railroad Switch Keys & Padlocks" , Second edition, 1993
Stewart, Donald E., "Collectors Guide to Handcuffs & Restraints", first edition, January 1994
Stewart, Donald E., "Collectors Guide to Yale Prison Jail Locks & Keys, 1884-1957" (1982)
Stirling, J.F., "2000 Years of Keys", Country Life, 113, May 23, 1952, pp 1568-1569
Stocklein, H., "Meister des Eisenschnitts", Esslingen 1928
Stone, Nicola, "Rare & Collector Padlocks, 1982 Price Guide", Sept 1981
Streeter, Donald, "Professional Smithing", Astragal Press (reprint of book copyright 1980)
Stuttmann, F., "Deutsche Schmiedekunst", 5 Bander, Munchen 1926 bis 1930
Taylor Catalog No. 36, 1972
Tanavoli, Parviz, and Wertime, John T., "Locks from Iran" (exhibition catalog, 1976)
Tchudi, Stephen, " Lock & Key", N.Y., 1993. 113 pp.
Thomas Register of American Manufacturers, 1905-06, reprint
Tomlinson, Charles, "Rudimentary Treatise on Locks", John Weale, 1853
Tomlinson, Charles, and Mallett, R., "Locks and Safes", Virtue & Co.
Tomlinson, Charles, "Rudimentary Treatise on the Construction of Door Locks for Commercial and Domestic Purposes," London, 1858-1859
Tower & Lyon Co., Catalog # 12, 1904, Published Roger K. Smith, Box 177, Athol MA, 01331, November 1989
Trento, Italy, Castello del Buonconsiglio, "Oltra la Porta", 1996, 335 pp, 598 exhibits., col. & b&w illus. in Italian
Twopenny, William, "English Metal Works", Archibald Constable & Co. Ltd., London, England, 1904
U.S. Patent Office, Official Gazette, vol. 402, no. 1 (January 6, 1931)
U.S. Patent Office, Official Gazette, vol. 451, no. 3 (February 19, 1935)
U.S. Patent Office, Official Gazette, vol. 455, no. 4 (June 25, 1935)
Union Hardware & Metal Co., Catalog 56a, undated
Unknown, "Der Verschluss Bei Den Griechen Und Romern", (1890), Single page, poor reproduction of Tables I and II
Unknown, "The Art of Manipulation (of safe combination locks)". 30 page article, author and date unknown
Varndell, G., "A Short History of Lock Making in Willenhall", Walsall Metropolitan Borough Council, Library and Museum Services, March 1978
Ward, Montgomery Ward & Co., 1894?95, reprint 1977, DBI Books, Inc., 540 Frontage Rd.
Northfield, Ill. 60093
Ward, Montgomery Ward & Co., Catalog No. 13, Spring & Summer, 1975
Ward, Montgomery Ward & Co., Dover Publications, 1969 Reprint
Waterbury Lock & Specialty Co., c 1950 catalog, KCI reprint 1982
West Coast Lock Collectors Association Newsletter, 1978-2000
Weiland, Chas., Inc., 1914 hardware catalog
Weisen, L., Sohne, Germany, Catalog of Keys and Blanks (undated), KCI Reprint, 1980
Welch Brothers Co., Catalog No. 1, High Grade Locks and Keys, 1926, KCI reprint 1978
Wells & Nellegar Co., Padlocks, c.1870s, KCI reprint, undated
Wilcox, William, Mfg. Co., 1880 Catalog of Padlocks, Locks & Keys, Middletown, Conn,
KCI reprint 1979
Whitlock Corp. Catalog No. 2, Locks & Keys, 1947-48, KCI reprint 1978
Willen, The Willen Key and Hardware Co., Willen House, Bath Street, London E.C.1., KCI reprint 1980
Wood, Jack, Town-Country Old Tools, and Locks, Keys and Closures, L-W Books, P.O. Box 69, Gas City, IN 46933
Wulff, Hans, "The Traditional Crafts of Persia", Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1966
Wurzburg, Germany, Mainfrankisches Museum (Unter Verschluss, Schlosser, Schlussel und Beschlage), 1991, 209 pp, 97 pl, in German
Yale, The Yale & Towne Mfg. Co., Catalog #10, 1884, KCI reprint, 1980
(some Yale catalogs in the following listing may have slightly different titles)
Yale 1908 catalog, KCI reprint 1980
Yale 1913 catalog, KCI reprint 1980
Yale 1918 catalog, KCI reprint 1979
Yale 1929 catalog, KCI reprint 1978
Yale 1934 catalog, KCI reprint 1980
Yale Auto Locks & Keys, 1937, KCI reprint, 1982
Yale Key Blanks, rev. May 1939, KCI reprint, 1980
Yale Catalog of Locks - Door Closers, etc. for Railroads, 1939, KCI reprint
Yale Catalog #25, Padlocks, KCI reprint 1982
Yale, "The History of Locks", Eaton, Yale & Towne, pamphlet, undated
Yale, "Style & Security", commentary on the Yale lock collection
Zara, Louis "Locks and Keys", Walker &
Company, New York, 1953 and 1969
Zipper, J., "Vollstandiges Handbuch der Schlosser-Kunst", I/II, 1849